Heliotropium calcareum (Indian Heliotrope; Khashafah (Arabic))

Botanical Information

OriginNative to Asia.
Ethnobotanical Uses
In the Philippines this plant is chiefly used as a traditional medicine. Extracted juice from the leaves are used on wounds, skin ulcers and furuncles. The juice is also used for conjunctivitis as an eye drop. The leaves are also used as a poultice.


USDA Hardiness Ref.
Canadian Hardiness ZoneRequires cool season preotection under glass.
Canada Hardiness Ref.
RHS Hardiness Ref.
Height15 - 50 cm
Flowering PeriodJanuary, February, March, April, May

Description and Growing Information

General DescriptionA perennial with a woody base and few branches up to 50 cm in height.
ShapeErect and bushy.
LandscapeGroundcover, hedges and mass planting.
CultivationFull sun and partial-shade in well-drained and moist soil.
HabitatSand, gravel plains, low mountains and terraces.
Leaf DescriptionThe stem has little hairs. The leaves are alternating ovate to oblong-ovate, 1 cm wide and 1 - 2 cm long with prominent veins and undulate margins.
Flower DescriptionThe flowers are small, 5 stamens borne on a corolla tube and is 4 lobed.
Colour DescriptionThe leaves are greyish-green while the flowers are white with a green calyx.
Texture DescriptionThe stem appears hairy.